Article

Diabetes in Parliament: 30th January – 5th February

House of Commons Questions

Diabetes – DH – Tulip Siddiq

Tue, 2 February 2016 | House of Commons – Written Answer

CONTENTS

Asked by Tulip Siddiq (Hampstead and Kilburn) To ask the Secretary of State for Health, what proportion of (a) children and (b) adults were Type 2 diabetic in (i) each primary care trust in London, (ii) each London borough, (iii) London and (iv) England in (A) 2000, (B) 2005, (C) 2010 and (D) 2015.

Answered by:
Jane Ellison
Answered on: 02 February 2016

Data for children on Type 2 diabetes is collected from paediatric diabetes clinics by the National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (NPDA). Data are available from 2011, but not by primary care trust (PCT) or clinical commissioning group (CCG). When making comparisons it should be remembered that more units participated in the most recent audit than earlier ones. These data are found at:

http://www.rcpch.ac.uk/national-paediatric-diabetes-audit-npda.

Diagnosed diabetes prevalence in England is taken from the Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) and represents all patients aged 17 and over who have been diagnosed with diabetes and included on general practice (GP) registers. No distinction is made in the type of diabetes that has been diagnosed, i.e. Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. However, it is estimated approximately 90% of all adults with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes (source: National Diabetes Audit).

The proportion of all people on the diabetes register in 2005/06 was 3.55% for England and 3.60% for London. In 2010/2011 and 2014/2015 the data are presented as the proportion of people aged 17 and over on the diabetes register and are not directly comparable to the data in 2005/06. In 2010/11 the proportion of people aged 17 on the diabetes register was 5.50% for England and 5.40% for London, in 2014/15 the proportion of people aged 17 on the diabetes register was 6.40% for England and 6.10% for London.

The data in QOF is presented by PCT and GP registers in 2005/06 and 2010/11 and by CCG and GP registers in 2014/15 and is not available by local authority. Data at a subnational level can be access from the Health and Social Care Information Services website:

http://www.hscic.gov.uk/qof


 

Obesity: Children – DH – Andrew Gwynne

Fri, 5 February 2016 | House of Commons – Written Answer

CONTENTS

Asked by Andrew Gwynne (Denton and Reddish) To ask the Secretary of State for Health, whether the Prime Minister has seen a draft childhood obesity strategy document.

Answered by:
Jane Ellison
Answered on: 05 February 2016

As part of the development of the Childhood Obesity Strategy, the Secretary of State has regular meetings to discuss its content. The Childhood Obesity Strategy will be published shortly.


 

Obesity: Children – DfE – Jim Shannon

Thu, 4 February 2016 | House of Commons – Written Answer

CONTENTS

Asked by Jim Shannon (Strangford) To ask the Secretary of State for Education, what steps are being taken in primary schools to address obesity.

Answered by:
Edward Timpson
Answered on: 04 February 2016

A number of measures are already helping to address obesity in primary schools in England. The Government has committed over £600 million per year to funding free school meals for all pupils in reception, year 1 and year 2, providing nutritious meals every day and helping to form good eating habits early. The School Food Standards, introduced in 2015, ensure that healthy food is provided throughout the school day and severely restrict fat and sugar. We will continue to invest £150 million per year until 2020 to improve the quality of PE and sport in primary schools. PE is compulsory at all four key stages in the national curriculum for maintained schools.

The Government will launch its childhood obesity strategy shortly. It will look at everything that contributes to a child becoming overweight and obese. It will also set out what more can be done by all sides, including schools.


 

Obesity: Children – DH – Andrew Gwynne

Tue, 2 February 2016 | House of Commons – Written Answer

CONTENTS

Asked by Andrew Gwynne (Denton and Reddish) To ask the Secretary of State for Health, pursuant to the contribution of the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Health of 21 January 2016, Official Report, column 1634, when his Department plans to release the Government’s comprehensive childhood obesity strategy.

Answered by:
Jane Ellison
Answered on: 02 February 2016

We will be launching our childhood obesity strategy shortly.


 

Obesity: Children – DH – Sadiq Khan

Mon, 1 February 2016 | House of Commons – Written Answer

CONTENTS

Asked by Sadiq Khan (Tooting) To ask the Secretary of State for Health, how many children aged (a) four to five and (b) 10 to 11 years were recorded as obese in (i) England, (ii) London, (iii) each primary care trust in London and (iv) each London borough in 2014-15.

Answered by:
Jane Ellison
Answered on: 01 February 2016

Data are produced for each local authority and not by primary care trust.

Data on obese adults at a sub-national level are available through the Active People Survey and are published as pooled data for the period 2012-2014. The data for adults are from a sample survey (Active People Survey) therefore the numbers of obese adults in the population are not provided. The Active People Survey only began collecting data on adult height and weight in 2012, therefore local authority level data is not available before this date. The proportion of adults classified as obese for England is 24.0% and for London is 20.2%. Data for each local authority are available to download from:

http://www.noo.org.uk/visualisation.

Data on obese children are collected through the National Child Measurement Programme. The proportion of children measured as obese aged 4-5 years (Reception) in 2014/15 for England is 9.1% and for London 10.1%. The proportion of children measured as obese aged 10-11 (Year 6) in 2014/15 for England is 19.1% and for London 22.6%. Data for each local authority are available to download from:

http://www.hscic.gov.uk/catalogue/PUB19109

and

http://fingertips.phe.org.uk/profile/national-child-measurement-programme.

95% confidence intervals should be taken into account when making direct comparisons of two different prevalence figures. Where confidence intervals overlap, it is not possible to determine the statistical significance (or otherwise) of the difference.

Grouped Questions: 24402


 

House of Lords

Lords Oral Question – Sugar Tax

Wed, 3 February 2016 | House of Lords – Oral Question
CONTENTS

Sugar Tax
Question

3.30 pm

Asked by

Lord Clinton-Davis
To ask Her Majesty’s Government whether, in the light of the World Health Organisation’s analysis in the Report of the Commission on Ending Childhood Obesity, they support the proposal of the National Health Service to introduce a sugar tax.

The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department of Health (Lord Prior of Brampton) (Con):
My Lords, we are interested to see the results of the consultation on NHS England’s proposals for a sugar tax. Urgent action is needed to tackle obesity, particularly in children, which is why we will shortly set out a comprehensive new strategy to tackle the problem.

Lord Clinton-Davis (Lab):
The World Health Organization and the NHS, both distinguished bodies, have proclaimed that a sugar tax is desirable, necessary and should be introduced as soon as possible. In that light, do the Government have any plans to revise their previous position and introduce proposals for a sugar tax by no later than April of this year?

Lord Prior of Brampton:
My Lords, the Government are considering a whole range of options for tackling the scourge of obesity in young people, which include portion control, reformulation, advertising and many others. One issue they are considering is a sugar tax, but we will announce the results of that strategy in the very near future.

Baroness Walmsley (LD):
My Lords, does the Minister agree that the key to weight management is correcting energy imbalance? Will the Government therefore consider forcing manufacturers of junk foods to put on their labels the number of hours of vigorous exercise that are equivalent to the contents of the packet?

Lord Prior of Brampton:
My Lords, as the noble Baroness will know, there are plans for later this year to have compulsory labelling of sugar content on packaging. However, I am not aware that there are any plans to have pictures of well-known athletes on the packaging as well.

Lord Robathan (Con):
My Lords, does the Minister agree that the issue of obesity, which is indeed a scourge, is largely one of individual and, in the case of children, parental responsibility?

Lord Prior of Brampton:
My noble friend is partly right. It is of course a matter of individual and parental responsibility, but I think we have an obligation in our country to make the right choice as easy as possible, and for too many people the wrong choice is far too easy to make.

Lord Patel (CB):
My Lords, I am sure the Minister is aware of a meta-analysis study carried out of nine studies which compared the pricing of sugar-sweetened beverages against the reduction of consumption of such drinks. It showed considerable price elasticity. Therefore, it is difficult to determine in an economy like ours the level of taxation that is required to achieve the right reduction. What plans do the Government have to find such evidence?

Lord Prior of Brampton:
My Lords, it is interesting that in the plans put forward for consultation by Simon Stevens of NHS England they are looking at a levy of 20% on sweetened beverages. In Mexico, they brought in a sugar tax of 10%, which according to a study by the Lancet resulted in a reduction in consumption of some 12%. But it is very difficult to isolate the particular impact of tax when many other measures are being used at the same time.

Baroness Wheeler (Lab):
My Lords, Simon Stevens, the NHS chief executive, recently pointed out that obesity is the new smoking, and that Britain spends more on obesity-related healthcare than on the police, the fire service, prisons and the criminal justice service combined: £6 billion and rising. He has promised to raise the price of sugary drinks sold on NHS premises to staff, patients and visitors as another small step. Cannot the Government take steps to introduce this policy across all government departments and institutions?

Lord Prior of Brampton:
My Lords, public procurement certainly has a role to play in tackling obesity. I am sure that that is one of the issues that will be addressed in the forthcoming strategy.

Lord Tugendhat (Con):
Does my noble friend agree that taxation, along with other measures, has played a significant role in diminishing the consumption of tobacco in this country over the years? Is it not therefore rather strange that the Government should be so reluctant to make more use of this weapon with regard to obesity?

Lord Prior of Brampton:
My Lords, we have to be careful, or at least recognise, that if a sugar tax were imposed it would fall largely on those who are least able to afford it. There is of course a strong argument for a sugar tax, but there is also a case for making the argument against sugar consumption and making it easier for people not to consume sugar before we resort to taxation.

Baroness Jones of Moulsecoomb (GP):
My Lords, the Mayor of London, a well-respected member of the Conservative Party, has already put a sugar tax on sugary drinks at City Hall, so might the Government consider doing the same for the rest of Britain?

Lord Prior of Brampton:
My Lords, what the Mayor of London has done at City Hall is similar to what Simon Stevens proposes to do within the NHS. The Government will watch both moves with great interest.

Lord McColl of Dulwich (Con):
My Lords, will the Minister give us an assurance that when the new policy comes out to tackle obesity we will not fall into the trap of saying that the answer is exercise? You have to run for miles and miles to take off a single pound of fat.

Lord Prior of Brampton:
My Lords, exercise may be a part of our strategy to tackle obesity, but certainly not the major part.

Baroness Howells of St Davids (Lab):
My Lords, I am sure that the House is aware that sugar comes from many sources—sugar cane, sugar beet and in fruit. Which sugar would we tax?

Lord Prior of Brampton:
The noble Baroness makes an interesting point. This is one of the difficulties with the proposal for a sugar tax. We must be very careful about which sugars we would tax. I cannot give the noble Baroness a proper answer save that where sugar taxes have been introduced, they apply to where sugar is added as part of the manufacturing process or where it is present in syrups and fruit juices, but not where it occurs in, for example, fruit or vegetables.

Individual Politician Press Releases and Blogs

Keith Vaz MP – International Diabetes Conference at House of Commons

Wed, 3 February 2016 | MPs Press Release
CONTENTS

Keith, as Chair of the All Party Parliamentary Group for Diabetes, hosted an International Diabetes Conference at the House of Commons today.

Over 120 experts, including Doctors, Nurses, Charities, Community Groups, Embassy staff and attended the event.

The conference featured a number of speakers including Dr Francisco George, Director General of Health for Portugal, Dr Pablo Kuri Morales, Vice Minister for Health Prevention of Mexico, Jane Ellison MP, Public Health Minister for the UK and Professor Jonathan Valabhji, National Clinical Director for Obesity and Diabetes.

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